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Administrative in Karnataka


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Administrative in Karnataka

Karnataka’s lineage runs deep spanning centuries and more as it has been witness to several infighting among emperors and kins who had established their rule over here and had given shape to this state which exists now within the Indian subcontinent. Dynasties like Badami Chalukyas, Kadamba, Satavahana, Hoysala, Ganga, Bahumani and Rastrakutas, Vijayanagara have ruled Karnataka.

Karnataka or Kannada; which was originally a part of Mysore state till 1973 is derived from two words Karu and Nadu which means elevated land. It was reinstated as Karnataka on 1st November 1973 replacing the name Mysore and Bangalore (Bengaluru) became the state capital of Karnataka or the land of Kannada speaking people. Earlier K Changalaraya Reddy was the first Chief Minister of Karnataka, erstwhile Mysore state and Maharaja H H Sri Jayachamarajendra Wodeyar was reinstated as the first Governor of the state till 1975.

It is well known that the constitutional chief of Karnataka is the Governor who is at the helm of affairs related to governing the state which is democratic institution established through regular elections. The Governor is nominated with the responsibility to appoint the Chief Minister elected through popular vote and his council of ministers in the state assembly for five years and it is the Chief Minister who actually runs the day to day administration.

Administrative Setup of Karnataka State

State of Karnataka is fragmented in four revenue segments namely; 30 zones or districts,49 sub sections, 5628 Gram Panchayats and 747 revenue circuits with the intention to discharge administrative responsibilities. Moreover, state of Karnataka is divided into 7 Municipal Corporations spanning 281 Towns or sub divisions. Bangalore is the fifth citified (Urban) aggregation among 23 urban cities in India and is the IT hub in India where MNCs and technological expertise is at its best.

Governmental and Political Regrouping of Karnataka

In 1956, when the states of Coorg and Mysore were unified with the administrative units of Bombay, Madras and Hyderabad, Karnataka came into being as an agglomeration of all the Kannada speaking divisions blended together. Mysore originally was comprised of 10 districts or sub divisions of Kolar, Tumkur, Mandya, Bangalore, Hassan, Mysore, Chitradurga, Chikamagalur, Shimoga and Bellary which was affixed to Mysore from Madras in 1953 due to creation of Andhra Pradesh.

As a result Coorg became a district and Dakshin Kannada or South Karnataka was blended in Karnataka province along with Uttar Kannada, Belgaum, Bijapur, Dharwad which were transported from Bombay province and Bidar, Raichur and Gulbarga districts were affixed to Karnataka separated from Andhra Pradesh. Later in 1989, rural Bangalore district was fragmented and in 1997 there was a series of divisions; Chamrajnagar dominion from Mysore, Gadad and Haveri dominion from Dharwad, Bagalkot zone from Bijapur, Udupi district from Dakshina Kannada, Koppal district from Raichur and Davanagare district which was created by joining portions of land from Chitradurga, Shimoga, Dharwad and Bellary divisions. In 2008, a new district of Ramanagara was carved out of Rural Bangalore as well as Chikaballapur out of Kolar sub division.

Legislative Assembly and Council of Karnataka

Karnataka has a bicameral legislature or legislative body comprising of Legislative Assembly and Legislative Council. Like the Lok Sabha, the Legislative Assembly in Karnataka is the lower house comprised of 224 elected representatives for 5 years and one representative nominated by the Governor of Karnataka from the Anglo Indian Community. The Legislative Council is the upper chamber with tenure of six years for its nominated representatives and 1/3 retire at an interval of every two years.
Governmental Departments of Karnataka (Ministry)

Like mentioned before, the Governor of Karnataka is nominal head of the state whereas the day to day affairs of the state is administered by the Chief Minister of Karnataka who is at the helm of affairs elected for a term of 5 years along with his council of ministers at the approval of the Governor. The Secretariat or administrative department is supervised by the secretary who is responsible to the governor along with aiding the council of ministers. The council of ministers is formed with ministers of state, cabinet ministers and deputy ministers responsible to the Chief Minister who is aided by the Chief Secretary (chief of administrative services of the state). Currently the incumbent chief minister is the Janata Dal (Secular) Party's Shri HD Kumaraswamy, who was sworn in as the 25th Chief Minister of Karnataka on 23 May 2018.

administration in Karnataka

Governor of Karnataka

Shri Vajubhaivala
Official Residence : Raj Bhavan , Bangalore Bangalore-560001
Phone : (080) – 22254012, 22370824, 22373454 ,
E-mail : rajbhavan.karnataka@gmail.com

Karnataka Chief MinisterChief Minister of Karnataka

Shri BS Yeddyurappa
JP Bhavan, 19/1, Platform Road,
Sheshadripura, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560020
Phone No: 07353735333

Panchayati Raj and Bureaucratic Officials in Karnataka

For every district in Karnataka, Deputy Commissioners are appointed as chiefs to supervise the administrative responsibilities. Karnataka is the first state to initiate or ordain the New Panchayati Raj Act containing all the provisions of the 73rd Amendment Act of the Constitution and it has 3 tier administrations at the grassroots with Zila Panchayat, Gram Panchayat and Anchal Panchayat.

Executive and Police Administration

Deputy Commissioners are in charge of all the districts of Karnataka appointed by the Indian Administrative Services and headed by Deputy Commissioner of Police, appointed by Indian Police Service and there is also a Deputy Conservator of Forests.

Significantly, Karnataka’s administrative division is as follows:
  • 20 police zones or districts fragmented into 77 sub divisions and 178 police circles
  • 696 police stations and 317 police outposts
  • Four police commissioners are appointed for Bangalore, Hubli-Dharwad, Mangalore and Mysore.
  • Among the six police ranges mention is made of Eastern Range of Devanagare, Central Range at Bangalore, Southern Range at Mysore, Northern Range at Gulbarga and Western Range at Mangalore.
  • The Karnataka Railway Police is administered by D.I.G of Police. The other divisions in administration of Karnataka are C.I.D [comprising of Anti Dowry Cell, Forest Cell and more], Civil Rights Enforcement Wing, Dog Squad, Police Motor Transport Organization and Police Wireless Organization along with special zones.
  • Home Guards and Village Defense Parties offer help in administration when required.

Major officers heading the Police Administration in Karnataka:

Commissioner of Police, Bengaluru
Address: The Commissioner of Police, Bangalore City Police, No:1 Infantry Road, Bangalore - 1
Phone: 080 22942222, 080 22943322
Email: compolbcp@ksp.gov.in
Commissioner's Twitter Handle: @cpblr
Website: https://www.bcp.gov.in/

Commissioner Of Police, Mysuru
Address: Mirza Road, Near Gandhivana Park, Nazarbad
Lokaranjan Mahal Road,
Mysuru, Karnataka - 570010
Phone: 91 821 2418100, 2418101, 2418102
Control Room: 100, +91 821-2418139,  +91 821-2418339
Email: Mysorecitypolice@gmail.com
Website: https://mysorecitypolice.gov.in/

Commissioner of Police, Hubli-Dharwad
Office: 94808-02001 / 0836-2233500
Website: https://www.hublidharwadpolice.com/

Politics and Elections

The politics of Karnataka is dominated by three parties namely; Indian National Congress (INC), Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and Janata Dal Secular (JDS). Earlier the government was formed by a coalition of JDS and BJP when H D Kumaraswamy and Yedyurappa became CM by turns followed by Sadanand Gowda and Jagdish Shettar. During Fourteenth Assembly Election Congress emerged as single largest party and formed government under the leadership of Siddaramaiah(2013–18). He resigned from the post on 15 May 2018, respecting the verdict of the 2018 Karnataka Legislative Assembly election. Siddaramaiah was succeeded by Bharatiya Janata Party's B. S. Yeddyurappa, who was sworn in as the 24th Chief Minister of Karnataka on 17 May 2018.

Also See: Administration in BengaluruAdministration in Mangalore | Administration in Hubli | Administration in Davanagere | Administration in Shivamogga | Administration in Dharwad | Administration in Hampi | Administration in Hassan
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